Mobile Crane Requirements

Plan­ned load capa­ci­ties may not be incre­a­sed bey­ond the manufacturer‘s nomi­nal values or initi­al design cons­traints, unless such an incre­a­se has been appro­ved by the manu­fac­tu­rer. If the manufacturer‘s ser­vices are not avail­ab­le or if the device is of for­eign manu­fac­tu­re, the design ana­ly­sis must be per­for­med or appro­ved by a per­son accredi­ted for cer­ti­fi­ca­ti­on of the device in accordance with Part 1919 of this Chap­ter. The design ana­ly­sis is car­ri­ed out by a licen­sed spe­cia­list engi­neer com­pe­tent in the field of cra­nes and drill rigs. All struc­tu­ral chan­ges requi­red as a result of the credit rating chan­ge shall be made. Mar­king of the nomi­nal load. The nomi­nal loads of over­head cra­nes shall be clear­ly mar­ked on each side of the cra­ne and in the driver‘s cab. If the­re is more than one lif­ting unit, the nomi­nal load of each hoist shall be indi­ca­ted on the hoist or its block. The mar­king must be legi­ble from the ground. It is important to know the rules and regu­la­ti­ons for ope­ra­tors of cra­nes and other hea­vy equip­ment for indus­try in your sta­te. At Cranes101, we pri­de our­sel­ves on pro­vi­ding the trai­ning, cour­ses, and safe­ty infor­ma­ti­on you need to stay cur­rent and com­ply with all rele­vant regu­la­ti­ons. If you have more spe­ci­fic ques­ti­ons about how we can help you, regard­less of the sta­te in which you live and/or work, plea­se con­ta­ct us.

We can pro­vi­de trai­ning through online cour­ses and/or we can come to you to per­form per­so­nal trai­ning and cer­ti­fi­ca­ti­on. We offer natio­nal­ly accredi­ted NCCER cer­ti­fi­ca­ti­on trai­ning on-site at each loca­ti­on, as well as trai­ning tailo­red spe­ci­fi­cal­ly to local requi­re­ments. This stan­dard app­lies to moto­ri­zed equip­ment used in con­struc­tion and capa­ble of lif­ting, lowe­ring and moving a sus­pen­ded load hori­zont­al­ly. This equip­ment inclu­des, but is not limi­ted to: arti­cu­la­ted cra­nes (e.g., arti­cu­la­ted jib cra­nes); Cra­nes; floa­ting cra­nes; cra­nes on bar­ges; loco­mo­ti­ve cra­nes; mobi­le cra­nes (e.g., whee­led, off-road, off-road, off-road, com­mer­cial and boom pick­up trucks); mul­tipur­po­se machi­nes, if con­fi­gu­red to lift and lower a sus­pen­ded load (by means of a winch or hook) and move it hori­zont­al­ly; indus­tri­al cra­nes (e.g. deck cra­nes); spe­cial pile con­duc­tors; ser­vice trucks/mechanics with lif­ting equip­ment; a cra­ne on a mono­rail; Tower cra­nes (e.g., fixed boom, i.e., “shark boom”), lap-back boom and self-assem­bly); stan­ding cra­nes; gan­try cra­nes; over­head cra­nes and gan­try cra­nes; gan­try cra­nes; jib cra­nes; dril­ling rigs; and vari­ants of this equip­ment. Howe­ver, the points lis­ted in para­graph © of this clau­se are exclu­ded from the scope of this stan­dard. Plea­se note that all ope­ra­tors hol­ding a TSS (Tele­scopic Boom – Fixed Cab) cer­ti­fi­ca­ti­on also recei­ve the Boom Truck – Fixed Cab (BTF) and Ser­vice Truck Cra­ne (STC) cer­ti­fi­ca­ti­on desi­gna­ti­ons, as cra­ne trucks and ser­vice cra­ne trucks are sub­ca­te­go­ries of Tele­scopic Boom – Fixed Cab Cra­nes. Visit the dedi­ca­ted FAQ page for more infor­ma­ti­on on BTF and/or STC desi­gna­ti­ons rela­ted to TSS cer­ti­fi­ca­ti­on. The NYS Depart­ment of Labor (DOL) requi­res pro­tec­tion for peop­le going through con­struc­tion, demo­li­ti­on or exca­va­ti­on. NYS does not have spe­ci­fic regu­la­ti­ons to pro­tect buil­ding occup­ants during cra­ne ope­ra­ti­ons. The­re­fo­re, Cor­nell EHS and Con­tract Col­le­ge Code Enfor­ce­ment Offi­cer advi­sed the Uni­ver­si­ty CM/PM to use the NYC Depart­ment of Buil­dings‘ cra­ne regu­la­ti­ons as gui­de­li­nes to meet the intent of NYS Code Rule 23–1.33 to pro­tect per­sons per­forming con­struc­tion, demo­li­ti­on, or exca­va­ti­on work.

Dis­play of the radi­us. If the rated load varies with the radi­us of the boom, the cra­ne or equip­ment shall be equip­ped with a dis­play visi­ble to the ope­ra­tor of the ang­le or radi­us of the boom. Arrow guards. Cage guards, insu­la­tors or distance warning devices may be used on cra­nes, but not ins­tead of the distan­ces pre­scri­bed in point (i)(5)(i) of this Sec­tion. * Excep­ti­ons: A federal cra­ne ope­ra­tor licence is not requi­red for ope­ra­tors of dril­ling rigs, jib cra­nes or equip­ment with a maxi­mum lif­ting or lif­ting capa­ci­ty of 2,000 pounds or less. Sta­bi­liz­a­ti­on of loco­mo­ti­ve cra­nes. Loads may only be lifted by loco­mo­ti­ve cra­nes if booms are pre­sent, unless mea­su­res are taken to pre­vent the load from being sup­por­ted by the springs of the cra­ne truck. Cra­ne stairs shall be equip­ped with rigid hand­rails that meet the requi­re­ments of § 1917.112(e).

Warning devices. Rail cra­nes must be equip­ped with an effec­ti­ve tra­vel warning device desi­gned to warn workers who may be in the path of the moving cra­ne. Pede­stri­an acces­si­bi­li­ty. Whe­re the track sur­face is used for per­son­nel pas­sa­ge or for work, a mini­mum distance of 0.91 m (three feet) bet­ween hea­vy goods vehi­cles or rail cra­ne struc­tures and other struc­tures or obsta­cles shall be pro­vi­ded. If the requi­red distance is not avail­ab­le on at least one side of the cra­ne trucks, the area shall not be used and shall be mar­ked and mar­ked. Unat­ten­ded cra­nes. The fol­lowing steps must be taken befo­re a cra­ne is left unat­ten­ded bet­ween shifts: On behalf of the con­trac­tor, sub­mit a site-spe­ci­fic cra­ne plan to the Cor­nell Trans­por­ta­ti­on Pro­ject Coor­di­na­tor, the Uni­ver­si­ty Fire Marshal‘s Office, the OHS Safe­ty Engi­neer and, if app­li­ca­ble, to the Con­tract Col­le­ge Code Enfor­ce­ment Offi­cer. Plans must be sub­mit­ted at least 10 days befo­re the crane‘s sche­du­led arri­val. Com­mu­ni­ca­ti­ons. Means of com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on shall be pro­vi­ded bet­ween the driver‘s cab and the gan­try floor of all rail-moun­ted cra­nes. This requi­re­ment can be met by tele­pho­ne, radio, audi­ble signal­ling or other effec­ti­ve methods, but not only by manu­al signalling.

Secu­ring mobi­le cra­ne com­pon­ents during trans­port. The super­st­ruc­tu­re and boom of the cra­ne shall be fixed against rota­ti­on and sup­por­ted in the direc­tion of tra­vel, except when cor­ne­ring with an ope­ra­tor in the cab or when the boom is sup­por­ted by a trol­ley. The empty hook or other acces­so­ry must be atta­ched. For the pur­po­ses of this Arti­cle, over­head rail cra­nes inclu­de over­head cra­nes and gan­try cranes.